Lumbar Disc Herniation - The Facts (pt.1)
Jan 31, 2015
Lumbar disc herniation the facts part 1
Lumbar disc herniation is where the centre of the disc (nucleus pulposis) leaks through the outer layer and presses onto the nerve route. Generally happens at age 30-40 years, men being more prone than women. most common at level L4/L5 of the lumbar spine followed by L5/S1, these are the lower segments of the lumbar spine at the base of your back. Most common area is posteriolateral (backwards and to the side), due to only having a thin posterior longitudinal ligament supporting the disc and spine. Can be brought on by trauma, injury and inappropriate lifting technique, where a forward bend and or twisting puts full pressure through the disc with a shear force. Also degeneration of the joints supporting the spine and its mechanics can have an effect on the disc with non universal force being applied, degeneration can happen with repeated stress, poor posture, poor technique during sports or occupation. The disc can undergo repeated injuries and not give pain and then one day it will just go, the straw that broke the camels back springs to mind. As we age our discs become thinner and have less ability to act as a shock absorber, thinning can effect the joint mechanics of the spine, putting more pressure on other joints of the spine - particulalry the facet joints. Symptoms are back pain, with herniations leg pain, of a sharp shooting or electrical nature. Pain is increased with by weight baring, standing, walking, sitting for prolonged periods and sometimes coughing and sneezing. It is adviseable to seek help from your chosen medical profesional, GP, Osteopath, Manual therapist, physiotherapist to try and help you reduce pain and guide and treat you, enabling a quicker return to activity and to reduce the chance of recurrence.